Pufferfish, also known as Blowfish, are one of the more interesting species of fish found in the ocean. .  More than 120 species of pufferfish exist worldwide. They are ‘inflatable’ and biologists believe they have this property to protect them from predators, since they are slow swimmers, which make them more vulnerable to predators

 

Pufferfish Description

 

  • In appearance they exhibit bright colors as a warning to predators of their toxicity, but also have neutral colors.

 

  • Pufferfish have no scales and have spikes with a rough skin texture.

 

  • They have four large teeth which fuse together to form a beak-like appearance.

 

  • They have a round head with a tapered and longitudinal body.

 

  • Their sizes range from a diminutive 1-inch (2.5 centimeter) to a whopping 2 feet (61 centimeters) long.

 

  • Pufferfish are extremely poisonous. They contain a toxin called tetrodotoxin for which there is no antidote.

 

Pufferfish Meat

 

The meat of the fish, called fugu is surprisingly a delicacy in Japan. Only licensed and well-trained chefs are allowed to prepare the meat.

 

Habitat

 

They are mostly found in tropical and subtropical sea waters around the world, although some species inhabit fresh water as well.

 

Diet

 

They are carnivorous fish which eat invertebrates and algae. Some species are endangered due to environmental damage and over fishing, but most have stable populations.

 

Interesting facts about Pufferfish

 

They swallow a large amount of water into a very elastic stomach which causes their bodies to resemble a large ball. This makes it very difficult for a predator to attack or ingest them.

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